Sugar Consumption and Metabolism

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Sugar Consumption and Metabolism

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Obesity represents a major threat to health and quality of life. It is generally accepted that it results from an imbalance between Energy (food) intake and Energy output (i.e. daily physical activity).

Sugar is a major culprit for weight gain. According to the U.K. guidelines, adults should have a maximum of 30g of sugar per day. This includes what you may put in your tea or coffee but also the sugary drinks i.e. coke and food consumed.


Sugar is a source of empty calories which means it does not provide any nutrients only calories. This can result in weight gain which is associated with type two diabetes.

Sugar can temporarily soothe our cravings however, more often than not, it does not satiate our hunger. Furthermore, carbohydrates are easily digested, especially refined ones. So often we find having a large bowl of pasta may mean feeling full for only a couple of hours rather than over a longer period of time. This may result in cravings and over-eating. An easy way to prolong the feeling of fullness is by adding some vegetables as a source of fiber and protein to the dish.

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  • Escalated blood sugar- Hyperglycemia is a major threat to health, related to diabetes.
  • Many researches have shown that there is a link between sugar consumption and obesity.
  • A survey demonstrated that those children between the ages of 6 to 10 who consumed more sugar had more body fat.
  • Obesity is associated with heart disease and type 2 diabetes in adults.
  • High sugar diet is associated with leptin resistance (type of a hormone) which can lead to an increase in appetite.


  • Aim to reduce sugary drinks like soda, energy drinks and replace them with plain or flavored water and herbal tea.
  • Try and read food labels and opt for foods ‘low’ in sugar. You can tell a food is ‘low’ in sugar when it contains 5g or less of total sugars per 100g.
  • Your taste buds are adjustable meaning they can be retrained. If currently, you take 2 teaspoons of sugar with tea, try making this 1 and ¾ teaspoon to allow your taste buds to adjust. Then 2 weeks later you can reduce further but very slowly and slightly.  
  • When craving something sweet, try eating a piece of fruit instead.
  • Being mindful and tracking what you eat can help in curving excessive consumption. This can be done by using the app Health Click Away.

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